R3-4-245 Prohibited Noxious Weeds

  • Definition. In addition to the definitions provided in A.R.S. § 3-201, the following apply to this Section:
  1. "Habitat" means any aquatic area within Arizona, such as canals, drainage ditches, ponds, and lakes.
  2. "Infested area" means each individual container in which a pest is found, the specific area that harbors the pest, or any shipment that has not been released to the receiver and is infested with a pest.
  3. "Pest" means any of the following plant species, including viable plant parts (stolons, rhizomes, cuttings and seed, except agricultural, vegetable and ornamental seed for planting purposes), that are prohibited from entering the state:
    1. Acroptilon repens (L.) DC. -- Russian knapweed,
    2. Aegilops cylindrica Host. -- Jointed goatgrass,
    3. Alhagi pseudalhagi (Bieb.) Desv. -- Camelthorn,
    4. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. -- Alligator weed,
    5. Cardaria pubescens (C.A. Mey) Jarmolenko -- Hairy whitetop,
    6. Cardaria chalepensis (L.) Hand-Muzz -- Lens podded hoary cress,
    7. Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. -- Globed-podded hoary cress (Whitetop),
    8. Carduus acanthoides L. -- Plumeless thistle,
    9. Cenchrus echinatus L. -- Southern sandbur,
    10. Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis -- Field sandbur,
    11. Centaurea calcitrapa L. -- Purple starthistle,
    12. Centaurea iberica Trev. ex Spreng. -- Iberian starthistle,
    13. Centaurea squarrosa Willd. -- Squarrose knapweed,
    14. Centaurea sulphurea L. -- Sicilian starthistle,
    15. Centaurea solstitialis L. -- Yellow starthistle (St. Barnaby's thistle),
    16. Centaurea diffusa L. -- Diffuse knapweed,
    17. Centaurea maculosa L. -- Spotted knapweed,
    18. Chondrilla juncea L. -- Rush skeletonweed,
    19. Cirsium arvense L. Scop. -- Canada thistle,
    20. Convolvulus arvensis L. -- Field bindweed,
    21. Coronopus squamatus (Forskal) Ascherson -- Creeping wartcress (Coronopus),
    22. Cucumis melo L. var. Dudaim Naudin -- Dudaim melon (Queen Anne's melon),
    23. Cuscuta spp. -- Dodder,
    24. Drymaria arenarioides H.B.K. -- Alfombrilla (Lightningweed),
    25. Eichhornia azurea (SW) Kunth. -- Anchored water hyacinth,
    26. Eichhorina crassipes (Mart.) Solms -- Floating water hyacinth
    27. Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski -- Quackgrass,
    28. Euphorbia esula L. -- Leafy spurge,
    29. Halogeton glomeratus (M. Bieb.) C.A. Mey -- Halogeton,
    30. Helianthus ciliaris DC. -- Texas blueweed,
    31. Hydrilla verticillata Royale -- Hydrilla (Florida-elodea),
    32. Ipomoea spp. -- Morning glory. All species except Ipomoea carnea, Mexican bush morning glory; Ipomoea triloba, three-lobed morning glory (which is considered a restricted pest); and Ipomoea aborescens, morning glory tree,
    33. Ipomoea triloba L. -- Three-lobed morning glory,
    34. Isatis tinctoria L. -- Dyers woad,
    35. Linaria genistifolia var. dalmatica -- Dalmation toadflax,
    36. Lythrum salicaria L. -- Purple loosestrife,
    37. Medicago polymorpha L. -- Burclover,
    38. Nassella trichotoma (Nees.) Hack. -- Serrated tussock,
    39. Onopordum acanthium L. -- Scotch thistle,
    40. Orobanche ramosa L. -- Branched broomrape,
    41. Panicum repens L. -- Torpedo grass,
    42. Peganum harmala L. -- African rue (Syrian rue),
    43. Portulaca oleracea L. -- Common purslane,
    44. Rorippa austriaca (Crantz.) Bess. -- Austrian fieldcress,
    45. Salvinia molesta -- Giant Salvinia,
    46. Senecio jacobaea L. -- Tansy ragwort,
    47. Solanum carolinense L. -- Carolina horsenettle,
    48. Sonchus arvensis L. -- Perennial sowthistle,
    49. Solanum viarum Dunal -- Tropical Soda Apple,
    50. Stipa brachychaeta Godr. -- Puna grass,
    51. Striga spp. -- Witchweed,
    52. Trapa natans L. -- Water-chestnut,
    53. Tribulus terrestris L. -- Puncturevine.
  • Area under quarantine: All states, districts, and territories of the United States except Arizona.
  • The following commodities are hosts or carriers of the pest:
  1. All plants and plant parts other than those categorized as a pest;
  2. Forage, straw, and feed grains;
  3. Live or dead flower arrangements;
  4. Ornamental displays;
  5. Aquariums; and
  6. Any appliance, construction or dredging equipment, boat, boat trailer or related equipment, or any other vehicle with soil attached or carrying plant debris.
  • The Department shall quarantine any commodity, habitat, or area infested or contaminated with a pest and shall notify the owner or carrier of the methods of removing or destroying the pest from the commodity, habitat, or area. The Department shall reject any shipment not released to the receiver and reship to the shipper.
  • Restrictions:
  1. No pest or commodity infested or contaminated with a pest shall be admitted into the state unless the Director issues a permit for the transporting or propagating of the pest.
  2. The Department shall regulate the movement of the commodity out of a quarantined area within the state until the pest is eradicated. Any shipment or lot of a commodity infested or contaminated with a pest arriving in the state in violation of this quarantine shall, according to A.R.S. § 3-205(A), be immediately reshipped from the state, or treated or destroyed using one of the following methods:
    1. The commodity shall be fumigated with 1,500 mg/L of ethylene oxide for four hours in a chamber pre-heated to 115-125° F
    2. Incinerating
    3. Burying in a sanitary landfill to a depth of six feet
    4. Application of a herbicide
    5. Any other treatment approved by the Director