National Poultry Improvement Plan of Arizona
Email for more information or call 602-542-4293
What is the National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP)?
The National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) is a national program in collaboration with state and federal departments of agriculture and industry representatives. The main objective of this program is to use new diagnostic technology to effectively improve poultry and poultry products throughout the United States. NPIP provides certification that poultry and poultry products destined for interstate and international shipments are disease free.
What is required to become a member of the NPIP?
The Memorandum of Participation and the Animal Disease Traceability Registration must be completed and sent to the Arizona Department of Agriculture. Supplies must be purchased by the applicant and the ADA should be contacted to make an appointment to have the birds on your premises tested and certified Pullorum-Typhoid free. The initial testing will be done with an ADA agent and the flock owner will be certified to be a tester at that time.
How do you join the NPIP Program?
If you are interested in joining the NPIP Program, fill out the forms attached and submit to the ADA either by email (firstname.lastname@example.org), fax to 602-542-4290 or contact Cyndi Hilgen, NPIP Field Technician at 602-542-4293.
What diseases do you test for in NPIP?
The diseases that are tested for are dependent upon the subpart. Each Subpart tests for different diseases. Some of the diseases for in the NPIP program in Arizona are:
- Pullorum- Typhoid (P-T)
- Avian Influenza (AI) – testing optional or per request by state veterinarian
In Arizona, the majority of our NPIP flocks are Subpart E participants, so we only test for Pullorum-Typhoid (P-T) with Avian Influenza to be as surveillance on an as needed basis determined by the state veterinarian.
What does the NPIP Program consist of?
In order to be a NPIP flock, the following must occur:
- Annual P-T Testing
- AI Testing (as needed per state veterinarian)
- Annual Premises Inspection
- Annual Records Audit
Annual P-T Testing For Subpart E, the number of birds tested each year for P-T is dependent on the number birds in your flock. Flocks with 1-999 birds will have 25% of their flock tested (minimum 30 birds). Flocks with 1,000 birds or more will have 10% of the flock tested (maximum 300 birds).
ADA performs initial field test:
- Participants will be responsible for costs for supplies to be ordered in time for the initial site visit.
- Participants will also be certified to self-test their flocks at the time of initial visit.
- Pullorum Test kit is used to do the testing on site.
- Participants will be recertified testers at each annual visit.
Sending blood samples to the lab (if necessary per state veterinarian):
- A trained person (private practitioner, vet tech, owner, etc.) can collect blood samples and send them to a veterinary diagnostic laboratory.
- Participants are responsible for paying laboratory costs of optional testing.
Routine testing by participant:
- Annual testing of breeders
- Initial testing of new birds before introduction to flock
- Reporting of all testing to ADA by way of 9-2 forms (supplied by ADA)
Annual Premises Inspection
As a participant, your premises will be inspected by an ADA agent annually. During the annual inspection ADA agent will look at the sanitation of your poultry houses, hatching rooms, egg handling rooms, etc.
Annual Records Audit
As a participant of NPIP, an ADA agent will conduct an audit of your records for the birds purchased that year. As a participant, you can only purchase birds from NPIP participants. The record audit verifies that you are only purchasing NPIP stock. The ADA agent will also check all documentation of bird sales and movement. Records of all testing through the calendar year will be examined at the annual audit.
What are the benefits of becoming a NPIP participant?
Some of the benefits of participating in NPIP are:
- Less restrictions when exporting birds,
- Birds won't need to be P-T tested prior to exhibiting at fairs and shows in some states; however a P-T test may be requested from birds participating in a show within 90 days. Check with destination states for requirements!
- Receive correspondence from ADA during an emergency situation.
- Participants are recommended to purchase bands with NPIP flock number to mark tested birds and any birds leaving premises that can support a band
Nest Run Producers and NPIP benefits
- Access to the ADA NPIP agents for advice for biosecurity.
- Early information for potential disease issues.
- Premise identification for quick location in the event of a disease outbreak.
***Nest Run Producers that sell eggs must be registered by law. (it’s free)***
What is the cost of startup?
Supplies for startup that are the responsibility of the participant include:
- Pullorum Testing Unit or 12x12 Pullorum Glass Plate Test
Antigen stain for Pullorum-Typhoid
Bleeder loops or disposable 20 g needles
The supplies can be obtained by dealers on line. Supplies can be shared between flock owners to cut costs. The average cost for all of the above is about $400.00.
How do I keep the birds healthy?
- Research the type of feed recommended for the breed, most feed stores can help
- Make sure the feed is not moldy, and the birds are fed on a regular basis
- Make sure they have access to fresh, clean water 24 hours a day
- Protect birds from extreme temperatures; birds can be sensitive to heat and stress easily
- Check birds purchased for eggs several times a day and collect the eggs often
- Watch the health of birds regularly and move birds that appear sick away from other chickens
It is recommended that you establish a relationship with a veterinarian for the general health and welfare of your flock. The NPIP program and state veterinarian’s office does not provide veterinary care.
Find a local veterinarian that can help you keep your flock healthy
NPIP Provisions From the Code of Federal Regulations
ADA NPIP Staff
Arizona Department of Agriculture
Animal Services Division
1688 W. Adams St.
Phoenix, AZ 85007
Dr. Peter Mundschenk, DVM, NPIP Coodinator
Stephanie Lynn, Field Technician
If you’re raising the chickens and eggs for your own use, you may not have to pay the state sales tax (transaction privilege tax) when buying feed. A law (HB 2326) takes effect August 6, 2016 only affects state taxes, not local taxes. Check with the feed dealer for more information.