Cotton is one of the original and major agricultural commodities produced in Arizona. Cotton and by-products are safeguarded through the regulation of cotton products and harvesting equipment that are imported into the state that could harbor cotton pests such as the boll weevil (eradicated from Arizona) or pink bollworm, and by monitoring growers for compliance with crop termination requirements to support the pink bollworm eradcation effort.
There are several pests and diseases that can have negative affects in the cotton production areas of Arizona. There are a couple of regulations in place to help safeguard these commodities. Rule A.A.C. R3-4-204 regulates cotton production areas in Arizona for the cotton boll weevil (considered eradicated from the state) and the pink bollworm (under eradication). Rule A.A.C. R3-4-218 regulates the importation of unprocessed cotton products and used cotton harvesting equipment from cotton producing areas of the U.S., with the exception of California for the cotton boll weevil. The Arizona Crop Improvement Association assists the Division in certifying cotton seed products for export. Genetically modified cotton is regulated by USDA-APHIS.
For information on cotton restrictions as a grower please contact the Arizona Cotton Research & Protection Council at (602) 438-0059 or visit www.azcotton.org .
There are also two organizations that help serve and protect the interests of cotton growers and ginners in Arizona, the Arizona Cotton Growers Association and the Arizona Cotton Ginners Association. These organizations help support the local interests by having representation on the national level.
Exporting Cotton and Cotton By-products:
Phyto Field Inspection - Application for cotton seed export
Importing Cotton and Cotton By-products:
Unprocessed cotton and used cotton harvesting equipment must be fumigated before being brought in to Arizona (A.A.C. Re-4-218: Cotton Boll Weevil Complex). For importing genetically modified cotton seed for planting contact USDA-APHIS for permitting.